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Global Innovation Index 2021

Why in News 

  • India has climbed two spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings.


  • India has been on a rising trajectory, over the past several years in the Global Innovation Index, from a rank of 81 in 2015 to 46 in 2021.


  • Innovation has been at the forefront of the battle against the unprecedented crisis created by the pandemic and will be pivotal in driving the country’s resilience and self-reliance, as enshrined in the Prime Ministers’ clarion call on Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

 

 About GII Key Point

  •  GII Publish by World Intellectual Property Organization.


  • GII 2021 is 14th edition this year publish by WIPO.


  • GII Measured and rank 132 economies on their innovation ecosystem.


  • First three country leading GII Switzerland, Sweden, UK.


  • Theme 2021 Tracking Innovation Through the Covid-19 Crisis.

 

 How we have improved GII


  • The consistent improvement in the Global Innovation Index ranking is owing to the immense knowledge capital, the vibrant start-up ecosystem and the amazing work done by the public and the private research organizations.


  • The Scientific Departments like the Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Biotechnology and the Department of Space have played a pivotal role in enriching the National Innovation Ecosystem.


  • NITI Aayog has been working tirelessly to ensure the optimization of the national efforts for bringing policy led innovation in different areas such as electric vehicles, biotechnology, nano technology, space, alternative energy sources, etc.


  • The India Innovation Index, the latest edition of which was released last year by the NITI Aayog has been widely accepted as a major step in the direction of decentralization of innovation across all the states of India.

Source: AIR and RamanIAS Output 


Keywords
GS-2: Government Policy and Interventions, Issues Related to Development , Growth and Development