Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) in Madhya Pradesh

Key Point & Facts

  • About 5 crore beneficiaries are getting the benefit of the PMGKAY scheme in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Celebrating 7th August, 2021 as Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana Day

  • Not only more than 80 crore citizens are getting free ration but more than 8 crore poor families got free gas cylinders.

  • Idea of Intensive campaign to create more awareness about the scheme is being conducted by the state government so that no eligible person is left out.


PM- GKAY Context to Madhya Pradesh

  • April 2020 to November 2020, under PM-GKAY, Madhya Pradesh was allocated 21.9 Lakh MT food grains by Central Government for free of cost distribution to NFSA beneficiaries @ 5 Kg per person per month. Similarly, an allocation of 16.89 lakh MT of PM-GKAY food grain has been provisioned for the State of Madhya Pradesh for 7 months period in 2021 i.e., from May 2021 to November 2021


Discussion on One Nation One Ration Card

  • One Nation One Ration Card’ (ONORC) Plan, An integral part of Technology Driven System Reforms under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, was enabled in the State from January 2020 and since inception around 1 Crore portability transactions (including intra-state transactions) has been recorded in the State.

  • ONORC plan is currently enabled in 33 States/UTs and is serving as a gamechanger by allowing the NFSA beneficiaries, particularly migrant beneficiaries, to access the NFSA entitlements from any Fair Price Shop (FPS) in the country.


Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana

  • PM-GKAY almost doubled the quantity of monthly food grains being distributed normally to around 80 Crore beneficiaries in the country covered under National Food Security Act (NFSA)

  • Providing them an additional quantity of 5 Kg food grains per person per month, free-of-cost, over and above the normal NFSA entitlement of their Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)/ Priority Householders (PHH) ration cards (i.e., 35 Kg per AAY family and 5 Kg per PHH person per month respectively).

  • Initially, this additional free benefit under PMGKAY was provided for a period of three months (i.e., April to June 2020).

  • However, with the crisis continuing, the program was extended for another five months (i.e., July to November 2020).

  • After the onset of the second wave of the pandemic, PM-GKAY was once again rolled-out for a period of two months (i.e., May and June 2021) and was further extended for a period of five months (i.e., July to November 2021).
Source: PIB 

Topic GS-3: Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices, Public Distribution System - Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping, Issues of Buffer Stocks and Food Security; Technology Missions