Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Discussion:  Prime Minister Modi ji dedicated the renovated complex of Jallianwala Bagh Smarak to the nation on August 28, 2021.

  •  Heritage restoration works have been carried out with the local architectural style of Punjab.

  • The Shaheedi well has been repaired and restored with a redefined super structure


Key Points About Jallianwala Bagh Massacre


  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also called Massacre of Amritsar was an incident on April 13, 1919

  • British troops fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in an open space known as the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar in Punjab.

  • The Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the arrest of pro-Indian independence leaders Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satya Pal.

  • In response to the public gathering at Bagh, the British Brigadier-General R. E. H. Dyer surrounded the Bagh with his soldiers.

  • After blocking the exit with his troops, he ordered them to shoot at the crowd, continuing to fire even as protestors tried to flee.

  • The Jallianwala Bagh could only be exited on one side, as its other three sides were enclosed by buildings.

  • At least 1000 people were killed and over 1,200 other people were injured

  • The ineffective inquiry by Disorders Inquiry Committee (also known as Hunters Commission) together with the initial praise for Dyer, fuelled great widespread anger against the British among the Indian populace, leading to the Non-cooperation movement of 1920–22.

Topic GS-1: Modern History, Jallianwala Bagh Smarak, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre