Sustainable Development Goals

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.

  • The 17 SDGs are integrated-that is, they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.


The 17 goals under the Sustainable Development Goals are given below:

1.End poverty in all its forms everywhere

2.End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

3.Ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all stages

4.Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

5.Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

6.Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

7.Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

8.Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

9.Built resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation

10.Reduce inequalities within and among countries

11.Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

12.Ensure sustainable consumption and production pattern

13.Take urgent actions to combat climate change and its impact

14.Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

15.Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably managed forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

16.Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

17.Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development


SDG India

Monitoring progress achieved under the SDG framework at the global, national, and sub-national levels is the core function of the Vertical. NITI Aayog prepares and presents India’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) at the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development at the United Nations. For national and sub-national progress monitoring, the Vertical has developed the SDG India Index and Dashboard, the official and principal SDG progress monitoring tool of the country.


SDG India Index and Dashboard

  • The SDG India Index and Dashboard, designed and developed by the Vertical, is the country’s official and principal tool for SDG progress monitoring at the national and sub-national levels.

SDG Localisation

  • Localisation of SDGs is crucial to any strategy aimed at achieving the goals under the 2030 Agenda. This involves the process of adapting, planning, implementing and monitoring the SDGs from national to local levels by relevant institutions and stakeholders.


India’s Voluntary National Review at the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development

  • The HLPF is the highest international platform for the SDGs. The Forum meets annually under the auspices of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The VNRs presented by Member States at the HLPF are a critical component of the review of progress and implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs.


Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • The SDG Vertical has been assigned the responsibility of leveraging the monitoring mechanism of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index to drive policy reforms and develop an action plan. This is part of the Government of India’s decision to monitor the performance of the country in 29 select global indices through an exercise known as the ‘Global Indices for Reforms and Growth (GIRG)’


North-Eastern Region District SDG Index and Dashboard

  • The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MoDoNER), UNDP, and SDG Vertical are collaborating on developing an NER District SDG Index and Dashboard, which will not only monitor progress but will also serve as a tool to trigger the action needed by the State Governments. The Index, along the lines of the SDG India Index, will be based on the State and District Indicator Frameworks of all eight NER States.


SDG Cities Index

  • In executing the policy outline, the implementation of several targets is devolved at the city level in every State.

Private Sector Engagements


SDG Costing

  • To estimate the cost to achieve the SDG targets in five key areas—health, education, water and sanitation, roads, and electricity—the Vertical, Ministry of Finance, and Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD), IMF, collaborated on an SDG costing exercise.


SDG-Linked Investments

  • The Vertical is partnering with Primus Partners and UNDP in developing a web-based platform that can facilitate SDG investments. The platform is aimed at connecting investors who would like to invest in SDG-related themes and projects, and investees who are seeking funding support for their SDG-aligned projects.



Value Add Info

What is UNDP's role?

  • As the lead UN development agency, UNDP is well-placed to help implement the Goals through our work in some 170 countries and territories.
  •  We support countries in achieving the SDGs through integrated solutions. Today’s complex challenges—from stemming the spread of disease to preventing conflict—cannot be tackled neatly in isolation. For UNDP, this means focusing on systems, root causes and connections between challenges—not just thematic sectors—to build solutions that respond to people’s daily realities. 
  • Our track record working across the Goals provides us with a valuable experience and proven policy expertise to ensure we all reach the targets set out in the SDGs by 2030. But we cannot do this alone.
  • Achieving the SDGs requires the partnership of governments, private sector, civil society and citizens alike to make sure we leave a better planet for future generations.

Source: UNDP And NITI Aayog


Sustainable Development Goals, Inclusive Growth, Environment Pollutions